How do vaccinations work?
contain harmless (either weakened or dead) variants of the viruses and
other infectious agents. When the animal is vaccinated the immune
system in body responds by generating a protective mechanism through
the formation of antibodies. The antibodies then prevents the
infectious virus from causing the disease in the animal that has been
vaccinated. Vaccinations only provide a relative short period immunity
and that is why yearly booster vaccinations are recommended. In cats
and dogs there might be an immunity gap present and the first
vaccinations given to puppies and kittens thus consist of two
vaccinations give two or more weeks apart. The reason is that the
natural immunity that these young animals receive from their mothers
will sometimes be a hindrance to effective vaccination. High levels of
Maternally Derived Antibodies can ‘block out’ the vaccine. A second
vaccination is thus necessary to catch all those that did not respond
the first time.
Which animals need to be vaccinated?
cats, rabbits and ferrets need to be vaccinated against several
diseases for which there are no effective treatments. The only way to
ensure that your animal is not at risk from these diseases is to make
sure it is vaccinated. There is no alternative. Only healthy animals
are to be vaccinated and a full health and weight check is carried out
on each animal before the vaccination. This health check by the vet
will ensure that all aspects of the health of the animal is addressed
on a regular basis. Slow developing health problems such as gingivitis,
allergies and thyroid problems can be detected by the vet at the
Which diseases are prevented by vaccinations?
Dogs: Distemper, Herpes, Parvo, Parainfluenza, Leptospirosis
Cats: Cat Flu, Feline enteritis, Feline Leukaemia, Feline Chlamydophilia
Rabbits: Viral Haemorrhagic Disease, Myxomatosis